Home

Articles

acheter viagra

THE FLU IN OUR FUTURE

 

HOW DOES HIV/AIDS SPREAD: MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION

HIV can cross the placenta from the mother to the infants before birth. Placenta is a flat cakelike organ that has a large number of blood vessels. The unborn baby in the mother's womb receives oxygen and other nutrients through the placenta and excretes carbon dioxide and other wastes through the placenta.

HIV infection can also be transmitted to the baby during delivery. About thirty to thirty-five per cent babies born to women who have HIV Infection are likely to be infected also. A child born to a mother who has AIDS is more likely to get HIV infection.

Some studies have indicated that HIV is present in the breast milk. This is why some medical practitioners recommend that women with HIV infection avoid breast-feeding the newborn baby. However, this recommendation is not universally acceptable. Although HIV is present in the breast milk, it does not mean that the baby will always be infected with it. Also, in a country such as India, the alternative to breast-feeding is bottle-feeding. This is not only expensive but also carries a higher risk of diarrhoea, poor nutrition and as a result death. Since the benefits of breast-feeding are much more than the risk of getting HIV infection, medical practitioners in India strongly recommend that all women with HIV infection should breast-feed their babies.

*10\288\2*

HIV